The GAP is designed to assist in-house counsel, corporate lawyers and arbitration practitioners with efficiently accessing key insights into a large range of jurisdictions, including for the purposes of negotiating the choice of arbitral seats and conducting arbitral proceedings in those jurisdictions. The GAP was nominated for the 2019 Global Arbitration Review (GAR) Award for Innovation.

Receive regular news and updates about the GAP
GAP Comments Form

Chairs: Professor David D Caron & Professor Maxi Scherer
General Editors: Thomas Granier & Hafez R Virjee


Foreword, by Professor Maxi Scherer

About & Acknowledgements

About the Chairs, the General Editors, the GAP Reviewers and Acknowledgements

Overview & Methodology

Overview: A Study of Safe Seats, Methodology
GAP Traffic Lights for All Jurisdictions

Jurisdiction Analysis

|.A.  Albania   Algeria    Argentina   |.B.|   Belgium   Benin   Brazil   Bulgaria   |.C.|   Canada    China (Mainland)   Cyprus   Czech Republic   |.D.|   Denmark    Dominican Republic   |.E.|   Egypt   England & Wales   |.F.|   Finland   France   |.G.|   Gambia (The)   Germany   Ghana   Greece   Guinea   |.H.|   Hong Kong   |.I.|  India   Indonesia   Iraq   Iran   |.J.|   Japan   |.L.|   Lebanon  Luxembourg   |.M.|   Malta   Mauritius   Mongolia   |.N.|   New Zealand   Nigeria   Norway-  |.O.|   OHADA-  |.P.|   Pakistan   Paraguay   Peru   Philippines (The)   Poland  Portugal   |.R.|  Romania   Russia   |.S.|   Serbia   Singapore   Spain  Sweden   Switzerland   |.T.|   Taiwan   Togo   |.U.|   United Arab Emirates (UAE)  United Kingdom: see England & Wales   United States of America (USA): California, Florida, New York, Texas and Washington D.C.   |.V.|   Vietnam   |.Z.|   Zambia


Delos Model Clauses & List of Safe Seats
GAP Combined Summaries for In-House and Corporate Counsel
GAP Combined Summaries for Arbitration Practitioners

Download a full copy of the GAP (requires free membership)

© Delos Dispute Resolution 2018-2020. For further information in this regard and/or for the legal notice of the GAP, please refer to the inside cover page of the full copy of the GAP (available above).


It is a great pleasure to write the foreword to the DELOS Guide to Arbitration Places (GAP).  The GAP is a comprehensive, comparative study on arbitration places around the globe: developed as a user-friendly guide providing in-house counsel, corporate lawyers, and arbitration practitioners with practical and effective insight into selecting arbitral seats and conducting arbitral proceedings.

Each of the 54 chapters in the GAP provides an in-depth analysis into a different jurisdiction, including all major arbitral seats throughout the world.  The analytical framework for this ambitious study, which is described in more detail in the methodology section, consists of two steps.  First, leading law firms in the various jurisdictions dedicated their time to researching and drafting chapters on their respective jurisdictions.  Second, after the initial drafting process, experienced practitioners (the GAP Reviewers) provided editorial review of the chapters to ensure the accuracy of the material reported, and also a neutral and objective outlook on the assessment provided.

Each chapter is divided into three sections which familiarize different GAP users with the legal framework of each jurisdiction.  The first section presents in-house and corporate counsel with key features of the jurisdiction, including: applicable confidentiality standards, local counsel requirements, attitudes toward present party employee witness testimony, key venues, and costs.  The second and third sections are directed towards arbitration practitioners.  The second section summarizes the idiosyncrasies of the jurisdiction, providing practitioners with insight into crucial features such as: existence of specialized courts, availability of ex parte pre-arbitration interim measures, and the local courts’ attitude towards fundamental arbitral principles.  The third section provides in-depth analyses on key issues affecting the arbitration regime of the jurisdiction, including the relevant arbitration law and recent developments.

The GAP also advances the innovative concept of a “DELOS safe seat.”  The goal of the safe seat designation is to assist corporate counsel and arbitration practitioners in selecting fair, efficient, and cost-effective places of arbitration.  Whether a jurisdiction qualifies as a safe seat is based on six criteria including its (i) domestic legislation, (ii) judiciary, (iii) legal expertise, (iv) rights of representation, (v) accessibility and safety, and (vi) ethics.  In a carefully designed process that is detailed in the methodology section, the participating law firms and GAP Reviewers designated traffic lights to each criterion.  A “green” traffic light represents a positive review and a “yellow” traffic light indicates caution, while a “red” traffic light denotes an area with major difficulties.  These designations highlighting each jurisdiction’s advantages and disadvantages, along with the GAP’s list of safe seats, serve as a practical and useful reference for users of arbitration.

The GAP was produced to further the overall objective of DELOS to create a more time and cost effective international arbitration community and to provide arbitration practitioners, in-house counsel, and corporate lawyers with further insight into the practice of arbitration.

In seeing the GAP published, I would also like to express my deep gratitude to the late David D. Caron with whom I had the honor to co-chair this guide.  His thought leadership, innovative ideas, and second-to-none knowledge in the field have shaped the GAP in many important ways.

Maxi Scherer
June 2018

Download as PDF
Back to top